In 1934, a study was conducted at the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of New York City in order to discover services available to transient and homeless Jewish men. Results of this study concluded that age and the absence of marital ties played an important role in keeping them on the road and that many of the clients served by the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society claimed residence in New York City and moved about with a comparatively small area. Although this study presented important information, it seems as though many questions were left unanswered.
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Boxerman, William I. Sheltering Activities of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of New York City. The Jewish Social Service Quarterly. Jewish Communal Service Association of North America (JCSA),National Conference of Jewish Social Service. March 1938: