The authors, reflecting on their work for the American Jewish World Service, argue that the idea that our obligations to our own people stand somehow in opposition to those that we owe people globally is specious. The two, rather, are deeply intertwined. It is precisely our sense of ourselves as a people--as Jews, with a particular relationship to a particular history--that gives rise to our outward-facing obligations. This is not to say, of course, that we are not obligated to serve those in need within our own communities. Our obligation to support our fellow Jews is as binding as is our obligation to the desperately poor around the globe. Both are mitzvoth--non-negotiable imperatives whose mantle rests upon each of us. But we do not encounter our obligations as Jews as if they were chits in a zero-sum game, dedicating our resources to only one category of mitzvot.