Dr. Kopelowitz outlines here how Jews over the last two centuries have refashioned the nature of their connections with each other, and have passed from a traditionalist perspective of Jewish belonging to various redefinitions of what constitutes the Jewish collective. The Jewish Peoplehood Closeness Index and its measure of Jewish connectedness allows Jewish institutions and educators the opportunity to better assess if Jews are in fact moving towards a multi-faceted approach to identifying Jewishly that goes beyond equating one's Jewishness with
one's religious identity alone.
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Kopelowitz, Ezra. Three ways by which Jews connect to the Jewish People. Up, Close and Personal: Thinking about the Jewish Peoplehood Closeness Index. International School for Jewish Peoplehood Studies (SJPS) at Beit Hatfutsot. September 2010: