Liebman discusses how Jewish identity is shaped and impacted, examining the ways in which other writers from this volume approach the topic of Jewish identity and including a set of critical questions reflecting on the implications of these studies for the prospects of Jewish continuity. Although many of the writers have different understandings of the term, Liebman argues that the question is not what is exactly meant by Jewish identity but, rather, is this a fair term under which to group studies of Jewish consciousness. He also claims that welcoming the separation of Judaism and Jewishness, a "religious syncretism" characterized by the blurring of boundaries between Jews and non-Jews, and the assertion of â??mental ethnicityâ?? as a legitimate form of Jewish expression, undermine efforts to strengthen and assure the continuity of the Jewish people.