Almost a million immigrants made aliyah to Israel during the 1990s. The largest immigrant populations came from Ethiopia and the Former Soviet Union (FSU). To meet this massive immigration, Israel adopted new immigration policies that differed significantly from previous ones. The professional community and Diaspora Jewry played leading roles in introducing programmatic and policy changes and innovations.
In Journal of Jewish Communal Service, v.79 no.2-3, Winter-Spring 2002-2003.