A study of children was conducted in Cleveland, Ohio in order to determine the effect of institutional living on the emotional life of the so-called average child. The conclusion indicated that dependent children of average capacities can get along satisfactorily, from the emotional standpoint, in the right kind of institutional placement. The parting caution offered was that children come and leave the institutions emotionally crippled by their need for placement and that the institution can, therefore, be expected simply to attempt to heal this fixed emotional handicap.
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Markey, Oscar B. Institutional Care for the "Normal" Child as Seen by a Psychiatrist. The Jewish Social Service Quarterly. Jewish Communal Service Association of North America (JCSA),National Conference of Jewish Social Service. December 1932: