The author discusses the history of Jewish voting patterns in the Presidential election. He states that focusing on presidential elections since
1980, it appears that about 30 percent of Jewish voters may be characterized as swing voters, swayed by general as well as Jewish issues, particularly the economy, Israel, and church-state issues. When the majority of these voters swing toward the Republicans, it sends a warning to
the Democratic Party. In close presidential elections, swing voters like these hold the balance of power on election night. Consequently, as
politicians since 1868 have recognized, neither party can take the Jewish vote for granted.