The question of Israel-Diaspora relations, a generation after the establishment of the State of Israel, is no nearer being resolved than it was in 1948. Few, in fact, would dispute that it is as complex and as riddled with paradoxes as ever. At the same time there has been a changing of the guards among the partners of this relationship. Time has taken its toll; the generation which knew the Holocaust and the pain of a world without a Jewish State is giving way to a younger generation who have, at best, a second-hand knowledge but not the experiences of their parents. Consequently while the first phase of the relationship between the State of Israel and world Jewry is ending, a new phase based on a more open and critical approach is beginning. This relationship is no longer the result of cataclysmic events wrought upon the Jewish People. In order to continue these links, Jews both in Israel and in the Diaspora will have to make a conscious effort to seek personal ties and thus maintain an ongoing dialogue.