Daycare centers are one of the central services for elderly with disabilities in the community. Developed about 30 years ago, according to the 'social model', there are now 172 centers countrywide serving 15,500 elders living in the community. The centers provide socio-cultural activities, personal care and rehabilitation services, all under one roof. A central question is whether the level of use of the centers reflects the demand and the interest on the part of the elderly or if it reflects a lack of knowledge, negative image of the service or barriers connected to the manner of operation of the centers. In addition, issues connected to the patterns of service utilization at the centers and to the target population were raised. To address these questions, Eshel's Committee for Community Services launched a comprehensive evaluation study. The study included three components: 1) a census of the centers and their clients; 2) interviews with long-term care beneficiaries attending the centers and their family caregivers; 3) interviews with beneficiaries not attending the centers and their family caregivers.