In 2004, the 350th anniversary of Jewish life in America, anti-Semitism remained a marginal phenomenon that it no way threatened the security of American Jews. Furthermore, the U.S. government, on numerous occasions during the year, used its influence to counter anti-Semitic manifestations abroad. Nevertheless, a number of events gave cause for anxiety. The one that received most attention came early in the year - the opening of the film "The Passion of the Christ," with its negative portrayal of Jews and its implication that they were responsible for the death of Jesus. Other flash points concerned anti-Israel actions that, in the eyes of many Jews, spilled over into anti-Semitism, such as campaigns to divert from Israel, and pro-Palestinian bias on some college campuses. Most ominous was the FBI's decision, late in the year, to investigate AIPAC, the premier pro-Israel lobby.