Berlin welcomed the first Israeli embassy on January 28. German President Johannes Rau completed a diplomatic mission to the Middle East. There was a significant increase in hate crimes carried out by right-wing extremists as well as antisemitic activity. The Jewish community in Germany grew at a faster rate than any other in the world. Relations between Israel and Austria were frozen in February after Israel withdrew it's ambassador. The Jewish community is shrinking in Austria, and largely relies on immigrants. Economic progress determined the rate at which post-Communist countries developed and integrated into Europe. Likewise, Jewish communities in these nations continued the process of integration at varying speeds. Jewish emigration from the Soviet Union decreased somewhat.
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Gitelman, Zvi. Gruber, Ruth E. Gordon, Murray. Kloke, Wendy. Review of the Year (2001) in Foreign Countries: Central and Eastern Europe. American Jewish Year Book. American Jewish Committee (AJC),Jewish Publication Society (JPS). 2001: