The September 11 attacks affected German politics internationally and domestically. By the end of the year, it was clear that Germany was prepared to commit to fight a war against terrorism alongside the U.S. Germany's close relationship with Israel was strained after a year of unending violence in the Middle East. Relations between Israel and Austria remained tense and minimal. The Jewish community is shrinking in Austria, and largely relies on immigrants. Economic progress determined the rate at which post-Communist countries developed and integrated into Europe. Likewise, Jewish communities in these nations continued the process of integration at varying speeds.
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Gitelman, Zvi. Gruber, Ruth E. Axelrod, Toby. Gordon Silberman, Murray. Review of the Year (2002) in Foreign Countries: Central and Eastern Europe. American Jewish Year Book. American Jewish Committee (AJC),Jewish Publication Society (JPS). 2002: