We have always faced a duality in our identity as Jews and as Americans. We continue to attend to our communal needs, but we also continue to attend to the needs of others. Nowhere is this duality more clearly evident than in the complex relationship between our nonprofit social agencies and the public sector, where our responsibilities as citizens in the broader community are lodged. This article identifies the evolving relationship and changes that have arisen as a result of the interdependence between the private and the public sectors. It also discusses some of the tensions that have emerged in this relationship.