In: Modern Judaism 1/2, 121-148. The major symbols of Zionist-Socialism, its myths and ceremonies, were laden with traditional motifs and representations. These symbols which were borrowed, in toto, from outside the tradition, proved to be ephemeral. The traditional Jewish symbols underwent transformation and transvaluation to suit them to the values of Zionist-Socialism. But the retention of traditional forms, however new the content, serves to legitimate traditional symbols which may result in their continued vitality.