The author relies on survey data to draw a portrait of the North American Jewish communityâ??s communal work, including its historical development. He maps out the apparently disorganized and largely decentralized "activity of American Jewry into five spheres: the religious-congregational sphere; the education-cultural sphere; the community relations-defense sphere; the communal-welfare sphere; and the Israel-overseas sphere. Overall, he praises the communityâ??s success in organizing according to voluntary principles and practices, unlike many other Jewish and religious communities, entirely without recourse to government power.