In the more than twenty years since the passage of the Social Security Act, public welfare increased from virtually nothing to over $24 billion. Of that money, a considerable portion was devoted to partnerships with sectarian organizations to construct hospitals, provide health care, and conduct research. Jewish sensitivities toward this use of public funding have been pronounced, though the author argues against outright rejection of the current policy on the basis of separation of church and state. Not only does the policy not violate the principle of separation but Jewish participation in public welfare funding helps integrate Jews into the greater American society. Rather than principally reject public funding, individual communities and organizations should determine whether to commit themselves to both the opportunities and restrictions of accepting governmental assistance.