The author argues that the city of New York is a great representative of the infrequently celebrated Jewish tradition of the cosmopolitan city. He explains the differences between New York and recent and more historical cosmopolitan cities in terms of the cities' relationships with their local Jewish populations. The author cities the example of Jews in Paris and London at the beginning of the 20th century who succeeded as individuals within these cities, but did not impact the host culture. The author goes on to elaborate on why a combination of size, longevity, wealth, and political will have contributed to the connection between Jews and New Yorkâ??s cosmopolitan status. He concludes by affirming the dichotomy between insular and cosmopolitan models of Jewish civilizations in the past and present.