Two new indicators of Jewish identity, market penetration of educational youth tours to Israel and rates of participation in a second tour, are proposed and considered together with three widely used indicators (endogamy rates, day school enrolment and tourism to Israel) to create a typology of Jewish Diaspora communities. These indicators are useful in differentiating between Jewish populations in various Diaspora countries. According to these indicators, some Diaspora populations (including the large ones in the USA and France) seem to have a small but committed core, while much of the Jewish population is less involved. Other Diaspora populations (such as Mexico and South Africa) have broader participation while the Jews of the Former Soviet Union have weak participation. These results provide a preliminary basis for comparison of Jewish life throughout the Diaspora.
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Cohen, Erik H. Particularistic Education, Endogamy, and Educational Tourism to Homeland: An Exploratory Multi-dimensional Analysis of Jewish Diaspora Social Indicators. Contemporary Jewry. Association for the Social Scientific Study of Jewry (ASSJ). May 2009: