Out of a total of 107 Nobel Prize winners from 1901 to 1922, nine were Jewish. The author writes that the award of a Nobel Prize has come to be regarded as the greatest distinction that can be conferred on a scholar. As such, this article provides biographical sketches of the nine men who received the Nobel Prize in physics, chemistry, medicine and for peace. They are: Albert Abraham Michelson, Gabriel Lippmann, and Albert Einstein, for physics; Otto Wallach, Richard Willstatter, and Fritz Haber for chemistry; Paul Ehrlich, for medicine; and T.M.C. Asser and A.H. Fried for peace.