Traditionally self-employment has played an important role in the vocational adjustment of the American Jewish population. Studies of the Jewish communities in a number of cities have borne out the tradition.
They show that a very large proportion of the Jewish population is dependent upon self-employment in the professions and in business. Interest in self-employment as a vocational outlet for Jews is quite keen at this time. There are some groups in the Jewish community who tend towards the belief that Jews should be encouraged to seek vocational adjustment primarily as employees. They fear that a continued high proportion of Jews engaged in self-employment may make the community vulnerable to anti-semitic charges of one sort or another. Others believe that the importance of self-employment in the occupational adjustment attempts of Jews is in itself a response to discrimination and that self-employment offers some protection to gainful workers in Jewish communities against discrimination at the point of hiring, promotion, etc. A new factor which has greatly increased interest in the problem at the present time is found in the alleged desire of a great many servicemen, non-Jews as well as Jews, to be their "own bosses," in the post-war world.
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Lurie, Walter A. Gerstman, Howard J. A Study of Self-Employment as a Vocational Outlet. The Jewish Social Service Quarterly. Jewish Communal Service Association of North America (JCSA),National Conference of Jewish Social Welfare. March 1946: