The authors discuss the experience of the New York Association for New Americans (NYANA) in working with displaced persons (DPs) under the age of 21 whose parents were murdered in the Holocaust. Very few such orphans have had serious mental and emotional breakdowns, the authors report, and delinquency is surprisingly rare among them. Despite helping the young DPs to meet all their day-to-day needs, however, the agency struggled to assist them to acculturate to life in America, and to avoid relationships of dependency with the agency. The authors explain that their agency has learned to take a "realistic orientation," geared to helping clients to take responsibility for themselves and experience mutual expectations.
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Frankel, Beatrice. Michaels, Ruth. A Changing Focus in Work with Young Unattached DPs. The Jewish Social Service Quarterly. Jewish Communal Service Association of North America (JCSA),National Conference of Jewish Social Welfare. March 1951: