Part of a series of six papers which serve as an introduction to the International Conference of Jewish Social Work which will be opened in New York on April 22 and continued at the Hotel Ambassador in Atlantic City on May 13 and 14, 1948. In this paper, the speaker offers an historical survey of Jewish social welfare (philanthropy and social work) from biblical times to our days. This survey clearly shows that the old Jewish laws and teachings were basically sound and flexible enough to follow the changed conditions of times. The charity organizations and societies of our modern time seem very different from the standard and practice in times past. Nevertheless, the original meaning of social justice (Zedakah) and personal responsibility to the poor and distressed (Gemiluth Chesed) should still be the basis of all Jewish charity under whatever modern name it may be conducted.