Part of a series of six papers which serve as an introduction to the International Conference of Jewish Social Work which will be opened in New York on April 22 and continued at the Hotel Ambassador in Atlantic City on May 13 and 14, 1948. In this paper, the speaker explores the emergence of Jewish social services in Palestine. The piece highlights that the development of Jewish social services in Palestine, such as education, health, and social welfare, follows closely on the development of Jewish settlement in this country. Within a short time, hospitals and dispensaries were set up in Jerusalem, Tel-Aviv, Haifa, Tiberias and Safad, dispensaries in the Jewish settlements and in many Arab localities. The establishment of a community service by the Vaad Leumi was the turning point in the development of Social Welfare in Jewish Palestine. The piece concludes by asserting that the Jewish Community of Palestine is now passing through a critical transitional period, and is looking forward to the establishment of a Jewish State.