The question of Jewish children's emigration from Europe to Palestine is one of great concern. The Youth Aliyah has become perhaps the greatest child migration and rehabilitation movement in history. Youth Aliyah's concern for the numerical record is indicative of its greater concern also for the education and integration of the children into a new homeland. The Youth Aliyah is confronted with two very real problems: the material question of maintenance and housing, and the question of the children's psychological adjustment and formal education. The acute housing shortage in Palestine affects both the immediate and the permanent placement of Youth Aliyah children. The Youth Aliyah, despite its grave problems, has established a successful, viable system of transforming scarred children into active citizens who today are among the foremost defenders and builders of Jewish Palestine.